February 28, 2019
After the Inauguration of the Centre, AHRDO, under the ACMD project began its Thematic Seminars on Justice, Tolerance and Peace-Building. The first Thematic Seminar took place on Thursday, 28 February 2019 in presence of more than 100 participants including the war victims’ families, civil society activists and students. In this event, Aziz Noori, a university professor and a member of the Afghanistan TJCG, Muhammad Hussein Saramad, the AHRDO Communications and Advocacy Director, and Muhammad Ashraf Bakhtiyari, a university professor and the Director of the Afghanistan Forensic Science Organization (AFSO) were the main panelists.
Aziz Noori noted the importance of human rights in social lives of the human beings and discussed how it actually controls and creates a framework for power which would otherwise, in its nature, lead to exploitation and destruction. Therefore, human rights actually lead to equality and development in the societies where they are laid off in the social practices. and who discussed the importance of truth seeking and documentation in the process of peace-building and justice.
After Noori’s discussion on the importance of human rights for justice and development, Saramad spoke of the role of transitional justice in conflict-ridden communities. He described how transitional justice is exceptionally thought-out for the transition itself because it is not possible to reverse what has been done in the past because neither can we get back the lives lost neither is it possible to get the opportunities were lost, but the main purpose of transitional justice is to put an end to the continuation of such situation and facilitate a transition for the society to repair its institutions and create new social structures. When we talk about transitional justice, we do talk about the conflict and atrocities that have happened in the past but our approach is to look towards what is possible in the future.
Last but not the least, Bakhtiyari discussed the importance of truth telling and documentation in the process of transitional justice and peace-building. He explained how in the contexts of conflict and war, we are faced with peace, justice and truth all being dependent on the other. His talks included how knowing the truth is a basic right of the victims’ families, to know why their loved ones were killed, where, by who and how were they killed, and at least know who killed them. This is their absolute right. Besides them knowing these facts, truth-telling helps us to hold those who commit such actions accountable against what they do and the dire consequences their actions lead to.