AHRDO has focused its work on the protection of human rights of the most vulnerable groups in Afghan society: women, civilians in conflictual situations and war victims. As such, AHRDO implemented a project with women in local communities complemented/supported by comprehensive archival research in 2012. The outcome of the project was publish as a policy report, “Will History Repeat itself?: Afghan Women After the Taliban”, which outlined the major fragility women’s rights could face in post-security transition environment. Building on the outcome of this project, in 2014, AHRDO implemented another project, “Afghan women in the Eyes of Men: Tackling structural Causes of Women’s Rights problem in Afghanistan,”. The project identified how certain structures and institutions like religious establishment, the institution of Afghan family and the masculine structure of markets, not only limit the exercises of women’s rights but further legitimate violence against them. Therefore, tackeling women’s rights issues required reforming, restructuring and influencing those key institutions. In 2016, AHRDO undertook the project of the “Scar of Wars: Images of the Afghan Anatomy, documenting, photographing and visualizing the wounds and injuries of Afghans civilians in the wake of bombardment by the international and Afghan security forces and the increasing Taliban suicide attacks. The project, makes apparent/ reveals the unimagined scale of devastation and offers an opportunity to discuss how the toll the war has imposed on Afghan civilians, and its society at large.